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Mitsubishi 4N1 engine

The Mitsubishi 4N1 engine is a family of all-alloy four-cylinder diesel engines developed by Mitsubishi Motors, produced at the company's powertrain facility in Kyoto, Japan for use in Mitsubishi's small to mid-sized global passenger cars.

In June 2006, Mitsubishi Motors Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Renault announced a joint development project for a new generation of clean diesel engines to be used in cars exported to Europe with a target of beginning mass production in 2010 and later announced that the engines will be gradually phased into other global markets.

The preliminary version of the 1.8 L (1,798 cc) engine was first seen in the Concept-cX test car introduced in 2007. The larger 2.3 L (2,268 cc) was first exhibited in the Concept-ZT test car introduced in the same year and later used in the Concept-RA test car introduced in 2008.

With a clean diesel emission performance in mind, all engines are designed to comply with Tier 2 Bin 5 emission regulations in the United States, Euro 5 standard in Europe and Japan's Post New Long Term regulations.

Together with Mitsubishi's electric vehicle technology the new diesel engines are positioned as a core element in the Mitsubishi Motors Environment Initiative Program 2010 (EIP 2010) announced in July 2006.

The 4N1 engine family is the world's first to feature a variable valve timing (intake side) system applied to passenger car diesel engines.

All engines developed within this family have aluminium cylinder block, double overhead camshaft layouts, 4 valves per cylinder, a common rail injection system with a variable-geometry turbocharger and MIVEC variable valve timing.

Engine family characteristics

Mitsubishi's new clean diesel engines use a 200 MPa (2,000 bar) high-pressure common rail injection system to improve combustion efficiency. The 4N13 1.8 L (1,798 cc) uses solenoid fuel-injectors. The larger 4N14 2.3 L (2,268 cc) engine uses piezo fuel-injectors that produce a finer fuel spray. Both engines feature a fast ceramic glowplug system. The engines are designed to operate at a lower compression ratio, thus lowering the combustion pressure, allowing the use of an aluminium cylinder block that reduces weight.

The 4N13 1.8 L (1,798 cc) engine uses a Variable Geometry (VG) turbocharger with a variable vane turbine, which provides optimal boost pressure control for different driving conditions. The 4N14 2.3 L (2,268 cc) engine also uses a VG turbocharger plus a Variable Diffuser (VD) that uses both variable geometry vanes in the turbine housing and a compressor with variable vanes in the diffuser passage, further improving combustion efficiency.

Within the engine, Mitsubishi used an offset angle crankshaft that reduces friction, therefore noise and vibration, allowing the engine to run smoothly and quietly at all engine speeds.

To meet the requirements of global emissions standards, Mitsubishi developed a new catalyst system that combines a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC), NOx Trap Catalyst (NTC) and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF).




  • 2010 Mitsubishi ASX (RVR)
  • 2010 Mitsubishi Lancer
  • 2012 Peugeot 4008
  • 2012 Citroën C4 Aircross




  • 2010 Mitsubishi Outlander
  • 2012 Mitsubishi Delica D:5 (without variable timing, 109 kW (148 PS)/360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft))
  • 2013 Mitsubishi ASX (with A/T only)
  • 2017 Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross
  • 2019 Mitsubishi L200 and L300 (without variable timing, 73 kW (99 PS)/200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft))




  • 2014 Mitsubishi Type 73 Light Truck
  • 2015 Mitsubishi Triton/L200/Strada
  • 2015 Mitsubishi Pajero Sport/Montero Sport/Shogun Sport




  • 2022 Nissan Caravan/Isuzu Como
  • 2023 Mitsubishi Triton/L200

See also

  • List of Mitsubishi engines


External links

  • Mitsubishi Motors Japan Clean diesel page (JAPANESE)


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